Apple CEO Tim Cook famously said, “Android fragmentation turning is devices into a toxic hellstew of vulnerabilities.”
70 percent of the app failures happen due to the compatibility of the code and customization of OS by manufacturers. Only 30 percent happen due to hardware compatibility.
What is Android Fragmentation?
It is caused due to a delayed software update to selected Android devices. These are essentially the devices that are not made by Google.
Unlike Apple, where 71 percent of the user has OS 10, only 5 percent of devices are using Android Nougat, the latest version of Android. 31 percent are using the previous version of Marshmallow, while a whopping 64 percent are using software from 2014 or before.
How does Fragmentation happen?
Android OS differ depending upon handset manufacturer and sometimes according to the network provider. This increases the chances of having new bugs every time an update is launched.
With every new update, carriers and manufacturers have to put tons of time and money into testing the new software to make sure it can be implemented across the board. This creates a time difference in which the phones are updated.
Why can’t Google solve the problem of Fragmentation?
Google has tried a number of different things to solve the problem.
It had first-party lock screens available to just straight up releasing its own flagship devices. Unfortunately, these plans have put a serious dent in the problem.
Google’s latest attempt is Project Treble.
It’s a huge, system-level change in Android O that bypasses a lot of the expensive testing that partners have had to do. This has addressed a lot of problems but the issue is still far from resolved!